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What is the 2012 Doomsday Prediction?

Evacuation Strategies: Page 1

Books

Underwater and Underground Bases by Richard Sauder

Kulthöhlen in Europa. Götter, Geister und Dämonen. (Secrets Of The Underground Door To An Ancient World) by Heinrich and Ingrid Kusch. Read more...

Websites

Cities of the Underworld
History Channel

Forestiere Underground Gardens

Ten Underground Cities

Underground Bases and Tunnels

Tour of Cappadocia YouTube

Hurricane Preparedness Guide
VDOT

Disability Preparedness

Volcanic eruption guidelines

Volcanic ash/sulfur dioxide hazards

Earthquake Home Safety Guide

Earthquake Resources for People with disabilities

California DisasterPreparedness

Tornado Preparedness Guide.
NOAA

U.S. Geological Survey
Updated info on earthquakes, volcanoes, and other hot spots worldwide.

Yosemite Wilderness Guidelines
National Park Service

Urban Search and Rescue (US&R)
FEMA. See also: List of counties participating.

Recommended Books

Just in Case: How to be Self-Sufficient when the Unexpected Happens, by Kathy Harrison.

When Technology Fails: A Manual for Self-Reliance, Sustainability, and Surviving the Long Emergency by Matthew Stein

Bug Out: The Complete Plan for Escaping a Catastrophic Disaster Before It's Too Late (2010) by Scott B. Williams.

The Unthinkable - Who Survives When Disaster Strikes (2008) by Amanda Ripley

When All Hell Breaks Loose: Stuff You Need To Survive When Disaster Strikes by Cody Lundin

The Worst-Case Scenario Survival Handbook by Joshua Piven and David Borgenicht.

Crisis Preparedness Handbook: A Complete Guide by Jack A. Spigarelli.

DVD's and TV Programs

History Channel:"After Armageddon", "Seven Signs of the Apocalypse", "Crumbling of America", "Global Warning," "Mt. Vesuvious", "Yellowstone", "Mega-Tsunami", "Magnetic Storm", "2012 - End of Days".

Weather Channel: "It Could Happen Tomorrow," a series that examines the impact of potential mega-disasters throughout the United States. Episodes include an earthquake on the New Madrid Fault, an eruption on Mt. Rainier, and flash flooding in Boulder, Colorado.

BBC Documentary: "Supervolcano: The Truth about Yellowstone". (Here's a transcript via ABC News.)

ABC News: "Earth 2100 A.D."

Articles

"Paris Catacombs"
National Geographic

"Top Secret Military Underground Facilities." AboveTopSecret.com

"Subterranean Cities"

Evacuation Strategies

cont. from Page 2

Basic Evacuation and Sheltering Plans

For the conventional natural disaster, you'll be taking direction from state or local emergency officals via radio, television or the internet. (You can now sign up for instant notification of approaching severe weather in many areas. Check weather.com or the website of your local televison stations for details.) In the event of a hurricane, tornado, flood, wildfire or other catastrophic emergency, here's some of the information to retrieve and write down down before you evacuate:

Assemble a complete first aid kit as part as your contingency planning.

Sheltering in place may become necessary during or immediately after the emergency. In that case:

In the case of a long-term catastrophic event where government infrastructure breaks down, you may need to abandon your home to find safety or a means of subsistence. To fully appreciate what this entails, consider making a trial expedition into the hinterlands closest to where you live. The trip will also allow you to scout out and identify an ideal refuge -- one suited for a long-term encampment. It should have a reliable water source, offer shelter from the elements, sufficient camouflage, and the potential for finding food.


An expedition to Shasta Lake in Northern California.

State and federal wilderness areas are the likeliest destinations. Public lands are easily accessible and you won't be shot for trespassing. Be sure to check with the National Park or Forest Service, Bureau of Land Management or other agency that oversees any territory you'd like to explore. Rules regarding weapons, hunting, campfires and overnight stays vary depending on the jurisdiction, so do your homework before setting off on the adventure.

And don't restrict yourself to the woods and mountains. In an era fraught with mega-wildfires, extreme weather and the potential for nuclear war, you'll probably want to get cozy with desert bluffs, canyons, tropical islands and even snowbound places at high altitudes.

Bunkers and Underground Caves

According to recent news articles, real estate developers are doing a brisk business selling "condos" in abandoned nuclear silos. With rates starting at around $50,000 for an 8-person bunker, wealthy buyers are told that they can secure a safe, well-appointed refuge at the time of a big catastrophe. The space comes stocked with MRE's and hydroponic gardens, a water supply and sustainable source of electricity.

Photo: Vivos
Artist's view of the common area in a luxury doomsday bunker.

Now, whether or not a property deed guaranteeing admission to these luxury bunkers will actually be honored remains an open question. Alternative scenarios could see local, state or federal law enforcement personnel commandeering the structures as a matter of national security. In fact, any group of armed individuals may try to occupy the premises. Angry mobs on the surface, meanwhile could try to force entry by suffocating or smoking out the inhabitants.

Patrick Geryl, one of the better-known proponents of a 2012 apocalypse, deems an underground evacuation inadvisable in any case. In his book How to Survive 2012, he argues that extreme tectonic shifting of the plates will combine with ocean tidal waves to devastate all locations on the planet below 6,000 feet in altitude.

Countering this view, however, is the existence of numerous underground dwellings from eons into the past, all of which seem to attest to previous apocalypses survived by our ancient ancestors. Incredibly, after thousands of years, these subterranean hideouts are still in tact.

At one site in Cappadocia, Turkey, for example, a 13-floor complex housed 20,000 people during what may have been the last ice age. The strange tale behind this enchanted underworld is featured in a 2009 episode of the History Channel's popular Ancient Aliens series. The spot is examined in even greater detail in another HC series, Cities of the Underground ("Secret Pagran Underground", 2007). See YouTube video below. The chambers were carved out of soft limestone, with sturdy pillars that have yet to falter. Derinkuyu, the largest of the cities, included livestock stables, wine-making rooms, carefully engineered air shafts (which also collected rainwater) and round, 1,000-pound millstone doors that roll into place and lock from the inside. Significantly, the Cappadocia tufa stone refuges are preserved and accessible today.

Derinkuyu, an underground city in Turkey, housed thousands of people, thousands of years ago.

Academic historians date Derinkuyu and 40 nearby underground cities to descendents of the Trojans known as the Hittites. Independent researchers, however, dispute that claim. They cite a scripture from the far more ancient Zoroastrian religion to account for these extravagant digs. In the Vendidad, the prophet Yima is warned by a god, Ahura Mazda, that "evil winters"would soon engulf the world. Mazda claimed that only those who retreat underground will survive the severe weather. Evidently, his advice was well heeded in the building of these vast catacombs, which include intricately designed air circulation, stables, food storage, a chalk coating on the walls (to suppress germs), and defensive measures.


An ancient rock drawing from Sego Canyon, Utah.

Climatologists say the last ice age started around 18000 B.C. and ended around 10000 B.C., which would put this epoch a lot farther back in time than acceptable to any archaeologist. But the Zoroastrians aren't the only culture with an underground. In the United States, a Hopi legend recounts an era of frigid cold brought on by the shifting of the Earth's north-south axis. In the story, the survivors of those topsy turvy times took refuge in a mountain, where "ant people" helped them outlast the harsh environment. The Zuni indians, meanwhile, trace the first of their race back to the bowels of the planet. According to the creation myth, the forbears were living deep underground in a place referred to as a sort of prison. Two gods came down and slowly led them up to the surface.


Two photos of a large underground dwelling built in California's Central Valley. The vents were designed to taper upward, which accelerates the rise of hot air. In this case, the home is designed to beat the heat, rather than the cold. Photo credits: FilmFresno.org and The Fresnan (respectively).

The History Channel program, Underground Structures, includes interviews with present day Native Americans, who tell of underground caverns that exist in the southwest to this day. Similar digs have also been found in Central and South America, which underscores the use of bunkers as a proven strategy for doomsday survival down through the ages.

In addition to the ancient locations, there are numerous other options for taking cover below the Earth, if the apocalypse does start barreling down on us at some point. The Paris catacombs, for example, can house thousands of refugees during the crisis. Old world cities throughout Europe have sturdy undergrounds built during the Roman Empire. (Many of these spots, incidentally, are explored in episodes of Cities of the Underground .)

And then there are the modern military bases to consider. Dozens of abandoned military bases throughout the world are outfitted with bunkers, including old nuclear silos (although many have now been purchased by developers). Check the links on the right above for more information.

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